A bird? A plane? TkMan! (TkPerson?)

by Tom Phelps

written in Tcl 7.0/Tk 3.3
Compatible with Hewlett-Packard HP-UX, AT&T System V, SunOS, Sun Solaris, OSF/1, DEC Ultrix, SGI IRIX, Linux, SCO, IBM AIX

Copyright 1993-1994 T. A. Phelps
All Rights Reserved.
University of California, Berkeley
Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Computer Science Division

The latest version of TkMan is always available by anonymous FTP at ftp.cs.Berkeley.EDU in the /ucb/people/phelps/tcltk directory.


If you send me bug reports and/or suggestions for new features, include the versions of TkMan, Tcl, Tk, X, and UNIX, your machine and X window manager names, and a copy of your ~/.tkman file. First check that values changed in the Makefile or source code aren't being unexpectedly overridden in the ~/.tkman startup script.


A manual page browser, TkMan offers two major advantages over xman: hypertext links to other man pages (click on a word in the text which corresponds to a man page, and you jump there), and better navigation within long man pages with searches (both incremental and regular expression) and jumps to section headers. TkMan also offers some convenience features, like a user-configurable list of commonly used man pages, a one-click printout, and integration of whatis and apropos. Further, one may highlight, as if with a yellow marker, arbitrary passages of text in man pages and subsequently jump directly to these passages by selecting an identifying excerpt from a pulldown menu. Finally, TkMan gives one control over the directory-to-menu volume mapping of man pages with a capability similar to but superior to xman's mandesc in that rather than forcing all who share a man directory to follow a single organization, TkMan gives control to the individual. In fact, one may decide he has no use for a large set of man pages--say for instance the programmer routines in volumes 2, 3, 4, 8--and eliminate them from his personal database.

Since man page formatting follows conventions but not rigid standards, not all man pages can be parsed fully. However, most yield their section titles and SEE ALSOs and their emphasized words. TkMan also tries to filter out the unsightly page footers and headers put in by nroff, but nonstandard formatting can slip by.

First I'll describe how to use TkMan, although I hope that the use of most features is intuitive. At the end are my address and UC's disclaimer and licensing information.

Using TkMan

Locating a man page

There are several ways to specify the manual page you desire. You can type its name into the entry box at the top of the screen and press Return or click the man button. The name may be just the name of the command or may include a .n or (n) at the end where n specifies in which section to look. Man pages are matched using regular expressions, so you can use . to match any single character, * to match any (zero or more) of the previous regular expression, [ .. ] to match any single character in the enclosed class; see Tcl's regexp(n) for more information. For instance, .*mail.*\.1 searches section 1 (user commands) for commands with "mail" anywhere in their names. Likewise, one can collect all the various manual pages relating to Perl 5 with perl.*. If you're running TkMan from a shell and giving it an initial man page name to load up as an argument, use this syntax (adequately quoted for protection from the shell), as opposed to the syntax of the standard man command (which is man section name--that is, the section number comes first, whereas in TkMan it is part of the name). Usually TkMan searches the directories in your MANPATH environment variable for the man page, but you may instead provide a path name for the man page by beginning it with `~', `/', `.' or `..'; this is the way to access a man page which isn't installed in a MANPATH man directory. Further, other Tcl interpreters may display a man page in TkMan by sending a message to the function manShowMan with the name of the desired man page, e.g. send tkman manShowMan tcl.n. If multiple man page names match the specification, the first match (as searched for in MANPATH order) is shown and a pulldown menu appears which contains a list of the other matches. Return from reading help or a volume listing to the last man page seen with C-m when the focus is in the main text display area.

apropos information is available by typing the name and clicking apropos or hitting Shift-Return. The output of apropos is piped through sort and uniq to remove duplicates. To pass the matches through additional filters, simply give the pipe as in a shell, e.g., `search | grep ^g' (each space character is significant) returns all the search-related commands which begin with the letter g. The results of the last apropos query are available under the Volumes menu.

You may also see a button for glimpse, a full text search program that requires only small index files (typically 2-5% the size of the original text), written by Udi Manber, Sun Wu, and Burra Gopal, Department of Computer Science, University of Arizona. In their performance measurements, "a search for Schwarzkopf allowing two misspelling errors in 5600 files occupying 77MB took 7 seconds on a SUN IPC." For example, one may search for the string `WWW' anywhere in any manual page by typing in `WWW' in the entry line at the top of the screen and clicking on the glimpse button or typing Meta-Return (for meta-information, of course). Escape and C-g can interrupt a search after the current directory is done. To employ glimpse's command line options, simply place them before the search pattern in the entry box, or add them to the default options by editing the man(glimpse) variable in your ~/.tkman startup file (see Customizing TkMan, below). For instance, to search for "perl" as a word and not part of another word (as in "properly"), glimpse for -w perl. Glimpse supports an AND operation denoted by the symbol `;' and an OR operation denoted by the symbol `,'. Refer to the glimpse manual page for more information. The regular expression used by glimpse automatically sets the intrapage search expression. (Glimpse searches are done case insensitively, whereas intrapage searches can be done with case sensitively also, and so you may wish to turn off the Regexp Search Case Sensitive option under Occasionals so it matches glimpse's setting.) A complete set of matches from the last full text search is available under the Volumes menu.

The Paths pulldown gives you complete control over which directory hierarchies of your MANPATH are searched for man pages and apropos information. You can call up a listing of all man pages in a volume through the Volumes pulldown menu and then select one to view by double-clicking on its name. New `pseudo-volumes' can be added, and arbitrary directories may be added to or deleted from a volume listing using tkmandesc commands, described below. In a volume listing, typing a letter jumps to the line in the listing starting with that letter (capital and lower case letters are distinct). Return to the last volume seen with C-d when the focus is in the main text display area.

Whenever you have a man page name in the text display box, whether from apropos, a volume listing or a reference within another man page, you can double-click on it to hypertext-jump to it.

The last few man pages you looked at can be accessed directly through the History pulldown menu. Shortcuts lists your personal favorites and is used just like History, with the additional options of adding the current man page (by clicking +) or removing it (-) from the list.

(Man pages specified as above are processed through an nroff filter. TkMan can also read raw text from a file or from a command pipeline, which can then be read, searched and highlighted same as a man page. To read from a file, make the first character in the name a <, as in <~/foo.txt. To open a pipe, make the first character a | (vertical bar), as in `|gzcat foo.txt.gz' or `|cat ../foo.txt | grep bar' (that's no space after the first |, a space before and after any subsequent ones). After reading a file in this way, the current directory is set to its directory. Commands are not processed by a shell, but the metacharacters ., .., ~ and $ (for environment variables), are expanded nonetheless. Typing is eased further by file name completion, bound to Escape. Lone files (i.e., not part of a pipe) are automatically uncompressed--no need to read compressed files through a zcat pipe. It is not expected that reading raw text will be done much; it is included so the occasional non-man page documentation may be read from the same environment. For more sophisticated file browsing, use NBT, my Tcl/Tk-based file browser, which is available from TkMan's home FTP site, given above.)

Working within a man page

The full pathname of the current manual page is shown at the top of the screen. Via the Preferences dialog, this can be changed to the whatis information for the page.

To the extent it follows convention, a manual page is parsed to yield its section and subsection titles (which are directly available from the Sections pulldown) and references to other man pages from its SEE ALSO section (Links pulldown). One may jump directly to a section within a man page or a man page referenced in the SEE ALSO section, respectively, by selecting the corresponding entry from one of these pulldowns. It may be handy to tear off the Sections and Links menus (by dragging the menu title with mouse button 2 pressed; restore them as pulldowns by clicking with button 1 on the menu title).

Within a man page or raw text file or pipe, you may add ad hoc highlighting, as though with a yellow marker (underlining on monochrome monitors). Highlighted regions may then be scrolled to directly through the Highlights pulldown menu. To highlight a region, select the desired text by clicking button 1, dragging to the far extent of the desired region and releasing the button, then click on the + next to Highlights. To remove any highlights or portions thereof in a region, select it as before but then click on -. Highlighting information is persistent across executions of TkMan. A complete set of pages with highlighting is available under the Volumes menu.

You can move about the man page by using the scrollbar or typing a number of key combinations familiar to Emacs aficionados. Space and C-v page down, and delete and M-v page up. C-n and C-p scroll up and down, respectively, by a single line (vi fans will be happy to hear that C-f and C-b also page down and page up, respectively). M-< goes to the head and M-> to the tail of the text. One may "scan" the page, which is to say scroll it up and down with the mouse but without the use of the scrollbar, by dragging on the text display with the middle mouse button pressed. Like Emacs, C-space will mark one's current location, which can be returned to later with C-x, which exchanges the then-current position with the saved mark; a second C-x swaps back.

C-s initiates a search. Subsequently typing a few letters attempts to find a line with that string, starting its search with at the current match, if any, or otherwise the topmost visible line. A second C-s finds the next match of the string typed so far. (If the current search string is empty, a second C-s retrieves the previous search pattern.) C-r is similar to C-s but searches backwards. This incremental search can be used to quickly locate a particular command-line option or a particular command in a group (as in csh with its long list of internal commands). At the bottom of the screen, type in a regular expression to search for and hit return or click Search to begin a search. Hit Next or keep hitting return to search for the next occurance. [Prev will be added when Tk supports a tag prevrange command.] Escape or C-g cancels searching, both incremental and regular expression types.

The Tab key moves the focus from the man page type-in line to the text view of the man page to the search line and back around. Shift-Tab jumps about in the opposite direction.

Other commands

The Occasionals menu holds commands and options which you probably won't use much. The first group in this menu is comprised of commands which you may invoke several times in a single TkMan session. Help returns to this information screen. Although virtually made obsolete by TkMan, Print makes a copy of the current man page on dead trees, helping to starve the planet of life-giving oxygen. (If the [tn]roff source is not available, TkMan asks if it should try to reverse compile the man page. If successful, this produces much more appealing output than an ASCII dump.) By default, incremental searching is not case sensitive, but regular expression searching is; these settings can be toggled with the next two menu checkboxes. With proportional fonts giving a ragged right margin, any change bars in the right margin will form an uneven line; by opting for Changebars on left, they will form a straight line at the left margin.

As with xman one may instantiate multiple viewers. When there is more than one viewer you may choose man pages in one viewer and have their contents shown in another. Use the Output pulldown (which appears and disappears as relevant) to direct one viewer's output destination to another. With this feature one may easily compare two similar man pages for differences, keep one man page always visible, or examine several man pages from a particular volume listing or a SEE ALSO section. Output only affects the display destination of man pages. TkMan uses a database of all manual page names in searching for a match for a particular name. This database is constructed automatically if it doesn't exist (this includes the first time TkMan is run for a particular user) and whenever it is out of date due to pages being added or changed, or changes in one's MANPATH or tkmandesc commands. (If you want to add paths to your MANPATH, or edit ~/.tkman, you will have to restart to see any changes take effect, however.) If you install new manual pages, invoking Rebuild Database will permit them to show up in the next search or volume listing without the bother of quitting and re-executing TkMan. Rebuild Glimpse Database creates and then maintains the index that is used for full text searches. The Glimpse database is not maintained automatically. When exited via the Quit button TkMan saves its state. One may guard against losing highlighting, shortcuts and other what-should-be persistent information without quitting by by invoking Checkpoint state to .tkman. Quit, don't update performs the opposite operation.

At the bottom right corner of the screen, Mono toggles between the proportionally-spaced font and a monospaced one, for use in those man pages that rely on a fixed-width font to align columns. Quit exits TkMan, of course, after saving some state information (see below). To exit without saving status information, select the Quit option from the Occasionals pulldown.


The Preferences... choice in the Occasionals pulldown menu brings up a graphical user interface to setting various attributes of TkMan, including fonts, colors, and icons. Click on a checkbutton at the top of the window to bring up the corresponding group of choices. After making a set of choices, the Apply button manipulates the running application to show these changes, OK sets the changes for use now and in the future, Cancel quits the dialog and sets all choices to their settings as of the time Preferences was called up, and Defaults sets all choices (not just those of the current group) to those set by TkMan out of the box.

The first line in the Fonts group specifies the font to use for the general user interface, which amounts to the labels on buttons and the text in menus. The first menu in the line labeled Interface sets the font family, the next menu sets the font size, and the last the font styling (normal, bold, italics, bold-italics). Text display makes these settings for the text box in which the manual pages contents are displayed. Screen DPI specifies the right set of fonts to use for your monitor.

Colors sets the foreground and background colors to use for the manual page text display box, the general user interface, and the buttons of the user interface. In addition it sets the color (or font) in which to show various classes of text in the text box, including manual page references, incremental search hits, regular expression search hits, and highlighted regions.

The See group specifies what and how much information to show. Usually manual page headers and footers are uninteresting and therefore are stripped out, but a canonical header and footer (along the date the page was installed in the man/mann directory or formatted to the man/catn directory) to be shown at the bottom of every page can be requested. TkMan can extract section headers from all manual pages, but only some manual page macros format subsection headers in a way that can be distinguished from ordinary text; if your macros do, turn this option on to add subsections to the Sections menu. Proportional spacing wrecks the spacing used to set tables in columns, hence the Mono(space) button on the bottom line of the main screen. Setting the Aggressive table parsing option on will try to identify tables and format them in a fixed-width font while keeping the rest of the text proportionally spaced. It is quite difficult to identify tables with the single-pass filter that TkMan uses, however, so you'll probably want to leave it off. The information bar at the top of the window can display either the short, one-line description from a manual page's NAME section or the pathname of the page. The History pulldown must balance depth of the list against ease of finding an entry; set your own inflection point with this menu. The Volumes listing's (recent) choice will show all manual pages that have been added or changed n days, where n is set with this next menu. Glimpse works best when searching for relatively uncommon words; guard against getting too many hits on common words with the last menu in this group.

The Icon group sets all the options relating to iconification. The pathnames of the icon bitmap and icon mask should be the full pathnames (beginning with a `/').

If a man page has not been formatted by nroff, TkMan must first pipe the source text through nroff. By turing on Cache formatted (nroff'ed) pages in the Misc(ellaneous) group, the nroff-formatted text is saved to disk (if possible), thereby eliminating this time-consuming step the next time the man page is read. The on & compress setting will compress the page, which saves on disk space (often substantially as much of a formatted page is whitespace), but will make it unavailable to other manual pagers that don't handle compression. When a highlighted passage is jumped to via the Highlights menu, some number of lines of back context are included; the exact number of lines is configurable. Tk deviates from Motif behavior slightly, as for instance in highlighting buttons when they're under the cursor, but you can observe strict Motif behavior.

Customizing TkMan

There are four levels of configuration to TkMan.

(1) Transparent. Simply use TkMan and it will remember your window size and placement, short cuts, and highlights (if you quit out of TkMan via the Quit button).

(2) Preferences editor (see Preferences above).

(3) Configuration file. Most interesting settings, like the command(s) used to print the man page and some key bindings, can be changed by editing one's own ~/.tkman. Thus, a single copy of TkMan (i.e., the executable tkman) can be shared, but each user can have his own customized setup. (The file ~/.tkman is created/rewritten every time one quits TkMan via the Quit button in the lower right corner. Therefore, to get a ~/.tkman to edit, first run and quit TkMan. Do not create one from scratch as it will not have the proper format used for saving other persistent information, and your work will be overwritten, which is to say lost.) Be careful not to edit a ~/.tkman file only to have it overwritten when a currently-running TkMan quits.

Options that match the defaults are commented out (i.e., preceded by a #). This is so that any changes in the defaults will propagate nicely, while the file still lists all interesting variables. To override the default settings for these options, first comment in the line.

The ~/.tkman save file is the place to add or delete colors to the default set, which will subsequently become menu choices in Preferences, by editing in place the variable man(colors). One may also edit the order of Shortcuts in the man(shortcuts) variable. Other interesting variables include man(highlight), which can be edited to change the background in place of the foreground, or both the foreground and background, or a color and the font as with the following setting:
set man(highlight) {bold-italics -background #ffd8ffffb332}

Arbitrary Tcl commands, including tkmandesc commands (described below), can be appended to ~/.tkman (after the ### your additions go below line). For instance, to force the color model to be monochrome even though you have a color screen, add this line:
tk colormodel . monochrome

To set absolutely the volume names for which all directories should be searched, edit the parallel arrays on these existing lines:
set man(manList) ...
set man(manTitleList) ...
Changing the order volumes in these lists (make sure to keep the two lists in parallel correspondence) changes the precedence of matches when two or more pages have the same name: the page found in the earlier volume in this list is show first.

Additional useful commands include wm(n), which deals with the window manager; bind(n), which changes keyboard and mouse bindings not related to the text display window; and text(n) which describes the text widget.

(4) Source code. Of course, but if you make generally useful changes or have suggestions for some, please report them back to me so I may share the wealth with the next release.

Command line options

The environment variable named TKMAN, if it exists, is used to set command line options. Any options specified explicitly (as from a shell or in a script) override the settings in TKMAN. Any settings made with command-line options apply for the current execution only. Many of these options can be set persistently via the Preferences dialog (under the Occasionals menu).
-title title
Place title in the window's title bar.
-geometry geometry
Specify the geometry for this invocation only. To assign a persistent geometry, start up TkMan, size and place the window as desired, then (this is important) quit via the Quit button in the lower right corner.
-iconify and --iconify
Start up iconified or uniconified (the default), respectively.
-iconname name
Use name in place of the uniconified window's title for the icon name.
-iconbitmap bitmap-path and -iconmask bitmap-path
Specify the icon bitmap and its mask.
-iconposition (+|-)x(+|-)y
Place the icon at the given position; -iconposition "" "" cancels any such hints to the window manager.
-startup filename
Use filename in place of ~/.tkman as the startup file; "" indictates no startup file.
-database filename
Use filename in place of ~/.tkmandatabase as the name of the file in which to create the database of man page names. This can point to a shared file to save disk space or share a custom design, or to an OS-specific file for systems with multiple machine architectures that share home directories.
Simply rebuild the database and quit. This option may be useful in a cron script.
-quit save and -quit nosave
Specify that the startup file (usually ~/.tkman) should be updated (save) or not (nosave) when quitting by the Quit button.
Show the current version of TkMan and exit immediately thereafter.
-M path-list
or -M+ path-list
or -+M path-list
As with man, change the search path for manual pages to the given colon-separated list of directory subtrees. -M+ appends and -+M prepends these directories to the current list.
Start up TkMan without checking to see if the database is out of date.

Key bindings

Key bindings related to the text display box are kept in the sb array in ~/.tkman (for more information on Tcl's arrays, refer to the array(n) man page. In editing the sb(key,...) keyboard bindings, modifiers MUST be listed in the following order: M (for meta), C (control), A (alt). DO NOT USE SHIFT. It is not a general modifier: Some keyboards require shift for different characters, resulting in incompatibilities in bindings. For this reason, the status of the shift key is supressed in matching for bindings. For instance, set sb(key,M-less) pagestart is a valid binding on keyboards worldwide, whereas set sb(key,MS-less) is not. To make a binding without a modifier key, precede the character by `-', as in set sb(key,-space) pagedown.


Like xman, TkMan gives you directory-by-directory control over named volume contents. Unlike and superior to xman, however, each individual user controls directory-to-volume placement, rather than facing a single specification for each directory tree that must be observed by all.

By default a matrix is created by taking the product of directories in the MANPATH crossed with volume names, with the yield of each volume containing all the corresponding subdirectories in the MANPATH. By adding Tcl commands to your ~/.tkman (see above), you may add new volume names and add, move, copy and delete directories to/from/among directories.

The interface to this functionality takes the form of Tcl commands, so you may need to learn Tcl--particularly the commands that deal with Tcl lists (including lappend(n), linsert(n), lrange(n), lreplace(n)) and string matching (string(n), match subcommand)--to use this facility to its fullest. tkmandesc commands are used to handle the nonstandard format of SGI's manual page directories, and the sgi_bindings.tcl in the contrib directory is a good source of examples in the use of tkmandesc commands.

Directory titles and abbrevations are kept in lists. Abbreviations MUST be unique (capital letters are distinct from lower case), but need not correspond to actual directories. In fact, volume letters specified here supercede the defaults in identifying a volume in man page searches.


The following commands are appended to the file ~/.tkman (see Customizing TkMan, above).

To recreate a cross product of current section lists:
This cross product is made implicitly before other tkmandesc commands. Almost always this is what one expects. If it is not, one may supress the cross product by setting the variable manx(defaults) to a non-null, non-zero value before other tkmandesc commands are invoked.

To add "pseudo" sections to the current volume name list, at various positions including at end of the list, in alphabetical order, or before or after a specific volume:
manDescAddSects list of (letter, title pairs)
or manDescAddSects list of (letter, title) pairs sort
or manDescAddSects list of (letter, title) pairs before sect-letter
or manDescAddSects list of (letter, title) pairs after sect-letter
In manual page searches that produce multiple matches, the page found in the earlier volume is the one shown by default.

To move/copy/delete/add directories:
manDescMove from-list to-list dir-patterns-list
manDescCopy from-list to-list dir-patterns-list
manDescDelete from-list dir-patterns-list
manDescAdd to-list dir-list

The dir-patterns-list uses the same meta characters as man page searching (see above). It is matched against MANPATH directories with volume subdirectory appended, as in /usr/man/man3, where /usr/man is a component of the MANPATH and man3 is a volume subdirectory. from-list and to-list are Tcl lists of the unique volume abbreviations (like 1 or 3X); * is an abbreviation for all volumes.

Adding directories with manDescAdd also makes them available to Glimpse for its indexing.

Warning: Moving directories from their natural home slightly impairs searching speed when following a reference within a man page. For instance, say you've moved man pages for X Windows subroutines from their natural home in volume 3 to their own volume called `X'. Following a reference in XButtonEvent to XAnyEvent(3X11) first searches volume 3; not finding it, TkMan searches all volumes and finally finds it in volume X. With no hint to look in volume 3 (as given by the 3X11 suffix), the full volume search would have begun straight away. (Had you double-clicked in the volume listing for volume X or specified the man page as XButtonEvent.X, volume X would have been searched first, successfully.)

To help debug tkmandesc scripts, invoke manDescShow to dump to stdout the current correspondence of directories to volumes names.


(1) To collect together all man pages in default volumes 2 and 3 in all directories into a volume called "Programmer Subroutines", add these lines to the tail of ~/.tkman:
manDescAddSects {{p "Programmer Subroutines"}}
manDescMove {2 3} p *

To place the new section at the same position in the volume pulldown list as volumes 2 and 3:
manDescAddSects {{p "Programmer Subroutines"}} after 2
manDescMove {2 3} p *

To move only a selected set of directories:
manDescAddSects {{p "Programmer Subroutines"}}
manDescMove * p {/usr/man/man2 /usr/local/man/man3}

(2) To have a separate volume with all of your and a friend's personal man pages, keeping a duplicate in their default locations:
manDescAddSects {{t "Man Pages du Tom"} {b "Betty Page(s)"}}
manDescCopy *phelps* t *
manDescCopy *page* t *

(3) To collect the X windows man pages into two sections of their own, one for programmer subroutines and another for the others:
manDescAddSects {{x "X Windows"}} after 1
manDescAddSects {{X "X Subroutines"}} after 3
manDescMove * x *X11*
manDescMove x X *3

(4) If you never use the programmer subroutines, why not save time and memory by not reading them into the database?
manDescDelete * {*[2348]} (braces prevent Tcl from trying to execute [2348] as a command)

Alternatively but not equivalently:
manDescDelete {2 3 4 8} *

tkmandesc vs. xman and SGI

TkMan's tkmandesc capability is patterned after xman's mandesc files. By placing a mandesc file at the root of a man page directory tree, one may create pseudo volumes and move and copy subdirectories into them. Silicon Graphics has modified xman so that simply by creating a subdirectory in a regular man subdirectory one creates a new volume. This is evil. It violates the individual user's rights to arrange the directory-volume mapping as he pleases, as the mandesc file or subdirectory that spontaneously creates a volume is set a single place and must be observed by all who read that directory. By contrast, TkMan places the directory-to-volume mapping control in an individual's own ~/.tkman file. This gives the individual complete control and inflicts no pogrom on others who share man page directories. Therefore, mandesc files are not supported in any way by TkMan.

One may still share custom setups, however, by sharing the relevant lines of ~/.tkman. In fact, a tkmandesc version of the standard SGI man page directory setup is included in the contrib directory of the TkMan distribution. For assistance with SGI-specific directory manipulation, contact Paul Raines (raines@bohr.physics.upenn.edu).


Tom Phelps
University of California, Berkeley
Computer Science Division
387 Soda Hall
Berkeley, CA 94720


More Information

My article "TkMan: A Man Born Again" appears in The X Resource, issue 10, pages 33--46. Here are the section titles: Introduction, Availability, The User Interface, Navigating among Man Pages, Inspecting Individual Man Pages, Customization, Logical Volumes with tkmandesc, Persistency, The RosettaMan Filter, Extensions, Problems, Future Work, Acknowledgements, Bibliography.

A World Wide Web page that lists other Tcl/Tk software and a related Berkeley Computer Science Division technical report, CSD-94-802, can be found at http://http.cs.berkeley.edu/~phelps/.


Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and its documentation for educational, research and non-profit purposes, without fee, and without a written agreement is hereby granted, provided that the above copyright notice and the following three paragraphs appear in all copies.

Permission to incorporate this software into commercial products may be obtained from the Office of Technology Licensing, 2150 Shattuck Avenue, Suite 510, Berkeley, CA 94704.



Without permission from the Office of Technology Licensing, commerical organizations are free to use TkMan for internal use and internal use only.

Help page last revised on $Date: 1994/12/18 20:48:42 $