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Name

crck (version 2) - CRC value of files

Synopsis

crck [-t|u|c|i] [filename ... ]

Options

-t
Perform CRCK on a CP/M text file that is stored as a Unix file. CP/M record delimiters (CR/LF) are substituted for Unix newlines and the file is padded to a 128-byte sector boundary with ^Z (0x1A).

-u
Perform CRCK on a regular Unix file. Takes whatever is there. This is the default option.

-c
Perform CRCK on a CP/M non-text file (such as .COM or .LBR). Handled the same as the -u flag except 128-byte sectors are reported rather than bytes.

-i
Perform CRCK on a CP/M non-text file stored in ITS binary format. Ignores the first four bytes of the file which contain an ITS code.

Wildcards may, of course, be used and the program may be used in pipelines.

Description

Crck calculates and prints a 16-bit CRC value and either a CP/M 128-byte sector count or the byte count for the named files. It is typically used to validate files transferred between Unix and CP/M type operating systems. Crck uses a CRC compatible with the CP/M and CP/M-86 versions of crck prior to 5.0, as well as the crck command in 8 bit versions of YAM (Yet Another Modem program).

When comparing copies of a text file on Unix and CP/M or similar systems, account must be taken of the format of the file on the Unix system to determine which option to use to check the file. The file may be in CP/M format, with carriage return/line feed line terminators and padding with control-Z to make the length divisible by 128 (-u option); or it may be in Unix format, with newline line delimiters and no padding (-t option); or in ITS-binary format (-i option).

Since CP/M binary files are not ‘translated’ to Unix, these may be checked directly. Note, though, that any binary file to be sent to a CP/M system must have a length of a multiple of 128 bytes to be checked correctly on both ends. If it does not, the CP/M system will ‘fill’ the rest of the last 128-byte record, and the CRC checks will be different, even though the data transferred correctly.

Diagnostics

Prints proper usage if an incorrect flag is given.

Bugs

Has not been rigorously tested. May not produce correct results with all processor types. This CRC detects all single bit errors and most, but not all, multiple bit errors. This CRC does not detect all two bit errors, unlike the CRC used with standard synchronous communications protocols.

Warning

Files with different data may still produce the same crck


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