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gaufit - Fits gaussians to profile  






cc FIX params keyword cc profile_at => profile_at_ cc say in doc what profile_at contains cc

c gaufit fits gaussians to a profile and can write the output to

 a miriad dataset, a logfile or the terminal.

 The fitting is done using an adapted version of fitting routines in
 numerical recipes.

 Obligatory parameters are:
 a) either or both of 'in=' and 'parinp='
 b) 'rmsest='
 c) and either 'estim=' or 'options=findestim'

 The ease of fitting depends strongly on the initial estimates. These
 can be given using the estim= keyword, or they can be automatically
 found (options=findestim). The latter is usually preferable, though
 the former may be necessary in pathological cases.

 If multiple gaussians are fit but the fit is bad, another try is
 made with one less gaussian. This is repeated until the fit works.
 A fit is considered bad if the rms of the residual is higher than
 1.8 times the rms estimate, or if the parameters lie outside the
 range given by cutoff=, crange= and wrange=, or if the fitting
 routine does not converge. If after all possible ways of retrying a
 fit the rms is between 1.8 and 5.4 times the rms estimate, accept
 the fit after all; maybe a low-level component increased the rms, or
 the profile is not perfectly gaussian, but the fit is somewhat

 Automatic initial estimates are made by first finding the velocity
 and amplitude of the peak. An estimated width is found by looking to
 both sides of the peak for the nearest zero of the 2nd derivative and
 at where the half-maximum lies. The most consistent combination gives
 the width estimate. For low S/N profiles the width is found from the
 integral out to the nearest zero. This estimated component is then
 subtracted from the profile and the process is repeated until the
 maximum amplitude is too low, or until the maximum number of gaussians
 has been found.

 If parinp= is used gaussian parameters are taken from this dataset
 for all pixels outside the specified region. Inside the region new
 fits are made. All results are written to the params= dataset. The
 number of fitted gaussians does not have to be the same between the
 parinp= and params= datasets.
 This creation of an extra dataset is needed because MIRIAD
 very-deep-down disallows opening an existing dataset for writing.
 So it is not possible to add new fits to an existing parameter set.

 If parinp= is present, but in= is not, then no new fits are made, but
 the gaussians in parinp are sorted as specified by the cmpsort=
 keyword. They can also be transformed as specified by


This is the standard name for an input dataset -- usually an image, though sometimes either an image or visibility dataset or some foreign dataset format. Some tasks support multiple input datasets at a time (with wildcard supported) whereas others can handle only a single one at a time. There is generally no default input name. Input dataset with spectra to be fit.
This selects a subregion of an image. Multiple subregions can be selected, which are "ored" together. The following subcommands are recognized (each of which can be abbreviated to uniqueness).

Select image planes z1 to z2 inclusive. z2 defaults to z1.

Select the inner quarter of the image planes z1 to z2 inclusive. If both z1 and z2 are missing, then all planes are selected. If only z2 is omitted, z2 defaults to z1.

Select the pixels within a box with corners xmin,ymin,xmax,ymax. z1 and z2 are the same as in the "image" subcommand. If z1 and z2 are omitted, all planes are selected.

Select the pixels within the polygon defined by the list of vertices. z1 and z2 are the same as in the "image" subcommand. If z1 and z2 are missing, all planes are selected. If only z2 is omitted, it defaults to z1.

Select pixels according to the mask given in the file.

The units of the numbers given in the above commands are, in general, absolute pixels. But this can be changed (and rechanged) by using one of the following subcommands.

Coordinates are interpreted as absolute pixel values, the default.
Coordinates are relative to the reference pixel of the map.
Coordinates are relative to the central pixel of the map, (defined as (naxis1/2+1,naxis2/2+1)).
Coordinates are in arcseconds, relative to the reference pixel.
Coordinates in the third dimension are in km/s. Note: the region=mask option is not implemented. The mask of the input dataset is used however. If there is one, the profile value at masked datapoints is set to zero before doing the fit.
Give a value for the rms of the profile or a dataset from which it can be read. No default. Used by the fitting procedure to determine when convergence occurs. If a single real value is given, it is used for each profile. If the name of a dataset is given, the rms at each pixel is read from that dataset; this is particularly useful when fitting a dataset created with linmos, for which the rms will vary across the field. Create the rms dataset using 'linmos in=list options=sens out=rms' followed by 'maths exp=rms*<rmsvalue>' The value should be the rms of the profile as found with imstat on signal-free regions.
Initial estimates. Give an estimate for the amplitude, velocity and fwhm for each component (if options=integral, pixels or dispersion is used, give integral instead of amplitude etc.). This is quite critical and should already be reasonably close. The same initial estimate will be used for all profiles. If options=findestim is used, the initial estimates are determined by gaufit and estim= is ignored
Maximum number of gaussian components to fit (maximum 10, default 1).
Optional input parameter dataset. All fits outside the specified region are read from this dataset. If in= is not present, the fits in the selected region are just sorted and selected as specified by cmpsort, cutoff, vrange and wrange. The fits outside the region are untouched.
Optional output dataset to which the fit parameters can be written. For each fitted component six planes are written, one with the amplitude (or integral), one with the position and one with the fwhm (or dispersion), and three more with the errors. The planes with errors come after the planes with all fit results. A final plane which contains the rms of the residual is added.
This determines along which axis profiles are taken. The default is the velocity ('vel') axis. Other possible answers are 'x', 'y', 'z',
First smooth the profile over 'smooth' pixels before fitting
Controls the output. Defaults are the opposite of the action specified by an option. Possible options are:
  nofit:        output the initial estimates, don't make fits
  findestim:    let gaufit determine the initial estimates

  noprint:      do not print the fit results on the terminal
  supbad:       suppress results for fits outside ranges given by
                cutoff, crange and wrange and results for bad fits.
  estimout:     print initial estimates
  intermout:    print some intermediate results for multi-component fits
  abspix:       x, y coordinates on output are relative to lower left,
                rather than relative to crpix
  abscoo:       x, y coordinates on output are absolute coordinates

  wrprof:       write out a file with the data and the fit so that it
                at least is possible to use plotting programs to
                compare them; a kludge until gaufit itself can plot.
                filenames will be 'profile_at_$x_$y' (or given by prof=)

  integral:     write out integral of gaussian instead of amplitude
  dispersion:   write out dispersion of gaussian instead of fwhm
  pixel:        write center and width in pixels, not in axis units
                (for these three: also interpret input for cutoff,
                vrange, wrange and estim keywords as int/disp/pix)

  average:      first make an average profile of the selected region
                and then fit one single gaussian to this profile
  summed:       first make a summed profile of the selected region
                and then fit one single gaussian to this profile

  negative      amplitudes may be both positive and negative, instead
                if just positive
  fixvelo:      fix the velocities to the initial estimate during fit
  fixwidth:     fix the width to the initial estimate while fitting
                (fixvelo and fixwidth can be combined)
This parameter specifies how to sort the resulting components The following options exist
  velocity, amplitude, integral, width, vdiff, vrange
Option 'velocity' and 'fwhm' result in components sorted on increasing velocity or width. Option 'amplitude' and 'integral' result in components sorted on decreasing amplitude or integral. If vdiff is used, then a second parameter gives a center velocity; components are sorted based on the difference between the fitted velocity and this center velocity. If vrange is used, the second and third parameter give a velocity range. If one component is within this range, it becomes the first. If none or more than one is within this range, they are sorted on velocity. Usually, cmpsort is applied for every pixel of the dataset. This is wanted when originally fitting (in= used). It is also generally wanted when refitting part of the dataset (in= and parinp= used), especially when more gaussians are to be added in selected regions. However, when only parinp= is present, the sorting is done only in the selected region and everything outside is left alone.
Optional output dataset, to which theoretical (described by fit) profiles can be written.
Optional output dataset, to which the difference between the profile and the fit can be written
Optional filename for use with options=wrprof
Give a cutoff for the amplitude/integral. Can be 1, 2 or 3 values, all in units of the rms. If one value, fits with amplitude (integral if options=integral set) below the given cutoff are not written out. The absolute value of the amplitude is used if options=negative was set. If two values, fits with amplitude/integral in the specified range are eliminated. If three values, further eliminate fits for which the ratio of amplitude to amplitude error is less than specified ratio (default 1). Default: cut off amplitudes below 3 times the rms and with amp/err<2.
When using options=average or summed, only average/sum pixels whose intensity is above cutval (default: sum all)
Give a range (in units along profile) between which the center should lie. Fits that result in centers outside this range are not written out. A third value specifies to not write out fits whose center is uncertain by more than that number of channels. Default: cut off centers outside profile range and uncertain by more than four channels.
Give 1, 2 or 3 values: a lower limit, and/or a range, and/or a S/N ratio for the width (fwhm or dispersion). Fits giving widths below the lower limit, outside the range, or with too uncertain widths are not written out. Default: cut off fwhms less than 1 pixel and larger than the length of the profile, and with value/error less than 1.
If the name of a file is given, the results of the fitting are written to this file instead of to the terminal




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Time: 18:35:38 GMT, July 05, 2011